A puppies need for leadership, most especially in relation to dominance aggression, is a hot topic in today's climate. Some argue that dogs do not form hierarchal packs with humans - information based on studies of dogs in the wild and domestic dogs in both controlled and uncontrolled environments. In these circles, rank reduction programmes are without merit and in severe instances, will induce aggression in response to inappropriate correction (often guised as training). read more
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The following information is a loose guideline for expected veterinary care, but will vary in content from region to region, surgery to surgery and breed to breed. It is not intended to replace advise and services provides by practising professionals.
Birth to 3 weeks
It is the breeder's responsibility to take the puppies at 1-2 days old to the veterinarian surgery to check for birth defects and other health related risks.
3 - 4 weeks
Provided that the puppies have been given a clean bill of health in their first days of life, and no further issues arise, no further visits to the veterinary surgery are necessary during this time.
4 - 7 weeks
During this time frame, puppies should submit a stool sample for worm analysis. This is also the time for the breeder to get advise from their veterinarian on puppy diet and vitamins.
7 - 12 weeks
When the puppy is approximately 8 weeks, they should be given their first inoculations for distemper, hepatitis, parvo and parainfluenza complex. In addition, this is the time to discuss with your veterinarian the puppy's dental, skin & coat care.
12 - 16 weeks
When the puppy is approximately 12 weeks, the second inoculations to include distemper, hepatitis, parvo, parainfluenza complex and the leptospirosis vaccine. At 16 weeks, the third series of shots is administered and a recheck of the puppy's stool for worms.
4 - 8 months
During this time the puppy owner should consider and discuss spaying, neutering or breeding options with their veterinarian. This is also the time to micro-chip and check stool again for worms.
8 - 18 months
If there are no health concerns, this timeframe may be considered veterinarian-free.
Schedule a yearly check-up to include another stool sample. If hip dysphasia is a concern, consider x-rays confirmation at this time.